Guinea Ecuatorial Information and Facts

General

The official name is Republic of Equatorial Guinea . The state is located in Central Africa. The area is 28 051 km 2 . The population is 740 people. (for 2012). The official language is Portuguese, Spanish, and French. The capital is Malabo. The monetary unit is the CFA franc.

The state in the south and east is bordered by Gabon (the length of the border is 350 km), in the north - with Cameroon (189 km). In the west the country is washed by the waters of the Gulf of Guinea. The total length of the border is 539 km. The length of the coastline is 296 km. In addition to the mainland, Equatorial Guinea belongs to the islands of Bioko, Annobon and several small islands.

The climate of the country is equatorial, hot (the average temperature in January is + 24 ° C, in July - + 27 ° C) and wet (annual precipitation is more than 2 000 mm per year).


History

By 1472, when the Portuguese expedition landed on the island in the Gulf of Guinea, which was part of Equatorial Guinea, the tribes of the pygmies, the groups of Fang and Bubi peoples lived here. The commander of the crew Fernand do Poe, who went on a journey in search of a convenient trade route to India, nicknamed the open land Formosa, which in translation means "a beautiful island." But the name did not catch on, and for a long time new territories were marked on maps called Fernando-Po (now Bioko). In 1474, the islands of Fernando-Po and Annobon became colonies of Portugal.

In 1592, when the state for sixty years fell under the control of the Spanish kingdom, the boundaries of the possessions of the two metropolises were blurred. Only after the Spanish-Portuguese War (1761-1763), when the need arose to review the borders of Portugal and Spain, a treaty was signed in the royal palace of El Pardo (Spain), according to which the Portuguese possessions in Africa, including the lands between the Ogooue and Niger and the islands of Fernando Poe and Annobon, were exchanged for Spanish territory in South America.

Although the colonies located within the future of Equatorial Guinea, formally passed to Spain, it had to prove its right to power in practice: the local tribes were ready for war with strangers, and the island of Fernando Poe was gradually occupied by the English slavers who founded here 1827 year base of Clarence Town. In 1843, the island possessions were again subordinated to the Spanish crown, but the Spanish colonizers gained an absolute victory in the mainlands only by the end of the 19th century.

The United Colony, called the Spanish Guinea, appeared in 1926. The prospects for its existence at that time were not very rosy: the metropolis used the territories to grow cocoa, the slaves brought from Nigeria worked on the plantations. The tension among the inhabitants of the colony grew, and from the 1920s every decade was marked by an uprising against the Spanish authorities. In 1959, when the crisis reached its peak, the Spanish government granted Spanish Guinea a limited autonomy, proclaiming the new Equatorial region of Spain. In 1968, under pressure from the UN, Spain agreed to organize a referendum in Guinea, which resulted in 63% of local residents casting their votes in favor of full independence.

The desired was finally achieved, but life in Equatorial Guinea by no means became easier. The first president of the independent state, Masias Nguema Biyogo, elected in 1968, took a course toward establishing an authoritarian regime. One party won the right to exist. The United National Workers' Party. Up until 1979, the country was repressed, all forces were cast for the search for "internal enemies," while the economy of Guinea was increasingly weakened.

In 1979, the nephew of the acting president, Nguema Mbasogo, organized a military coup and, having come to power, began to pursue a policy of democratization and rapprochement with Spain and the United States. However, by 1990, persecution of opposition parties began again in the country. Elected in 1996, President Teodoro Obiang Nguema finally strengthened the power of dictatorship in Guinea.


Attractions in Equatorial Guinea

Malabo - the capital of Equatorial Guinea, until 1973 was called Santa Isabel (SANTA ISABEL) - a port in the Gulf of Biafra, which is part of the Gulf of Guinea. Malabo is located on the island of Macias Nguema-Biyogo (old name - Fernando Po) at the foot of the volcanic mountain of Santa Isabel. In the vicinity of the city - evergreen moist rainforests, in which there are many monkeys, snakes, birds, hippos and other animals.

Malabo Cathedral - one of the few monuments of the colonial era. During the reign of Macias, it was used as a weapon storage.

There are no special historical and architectural sights in Malabo. It is famous, like other cities of the Black Continent, as annual cultural festivals, an important part of which is the performance of dances of the ibang and other folk songs and dances.

Pico Santa Isabel Nature Reserve , located near the capital in the area of ​​the eponymous mountain (3,050 m). Here, lush tropical vegetation and a very diverse animal world (monkeys, porcupines, foxes, squirrels, parrots of different species).

Evergreen equatorial forests grow in the reserve. Baobabs, breadfruit trees and even ficuses. There is a huge number of rare birds. Here you can see buffalo, leopards, rhinoceroses, antelopes, monkeys, lions and even elephants!

Ebbein - the second largest city in Rio Muni, located in the far northeast corner of the country, is often the first point of contact with the country for many travelers entering Equatorial Guinea from Cameroon. Twenty kilometers to the west of the city is the Ebebin Museum, which demonstrates the traditional sculpture of the peoples of the country and other works of art.

Mbini is a pleasant city 50 km south of Bath, in the bay of Rio Benito. It is a popular place for swimming, and also an ideal place to socialize with local people in their traditional environment.


The cuisine of Equatorial Guinea

Bamboo is widely used in the national cuisine of Equatorial Guinea. There is even a dish called " bamboo fingers ". As a rule, they serve a plate with 4 pieces of bamboo 6-7 centimeters long, about 2 centimeters thick.

Absorption of bamboo is a simple process. It should simply be cut into small pieces. Usually, before consumption, bamboo is dipped in a coconut sauce. By the way, only a young plant is used to prepare this dish. If you miss the time of collection, the product turns into inedible.

The main distinguishing feature of the national cuisine is sauces made from products grown in the region, such as peanuts, nyama and okro. In addition, for the preparation of dishes used meat of wild animals - crocodiles, pangolins, snakes, monkeys, antelopes, turtles, gazelles and others.

Main dishes of Equatorial Guinea are pepesup (spicy fish soup), pangolin in chocolate, peanut bamboo soup. Garnish is almost always rice or green bananas.

Traditional drinks are palm wine and sugar cane mulberry. However, in our day beer is most popular.

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